A company’s carbon footprint is an important measure that can help determine the impact of its business activities on the climate.
The Company’s carbon footprint analysis was completely revised in 2019 and now includes Scope 1, 2 and 3 emissions in accordance with the GHG protocol standard. Scope 1 emissions include emissions from the car fleet and fugitive emissions from refrigerant refill covers cooling infrastructure (e.g. data centers). Those emissions have slightly decreased mainly due to less refrigerant refills. Scope 2 emissions contain in general heating and electricity consumption of Sunrise infrastructure. The location-based electricity emissions are considerably lower than 2018, mainly due to an updated emission factor from the International Energy Agency (IEA). Market-based electricity emissions are zero due to the fact that our electricity supply has stemmed from 100% renewable energy since 2016. In 2019, approximately 75% of the total renewable energy share was domestically sourced, and water power is the most used renewable energy source. Overall, we have seen a slight decrease in Scope 1 and 2 emissions.
Scope 3 emissions reflect all indirect GHG emissions. Purchased goods and services contribute most to this emission category. This includes all upstream (i.e., cradle-to-gate) emissions from the production of goods (tangible products) and services (intangible products). The emissions in this category were growing in 2019 due to increased outsourced (consultancy) services, larger purchasing volumes and updated emission factors on hardware footprints. As the suppliers are also constantly increasing their sustainability efforts, more footprints of the different hardware sizes were available for 2019. Therefore, averaged footprints were used per model and thus the footprints per mobile phone increased.
Use of sold products is the second largest emission category for Scope 3 emissions at Sunrise, which includes example, emissions related to the customers energy use for the T V box and the internet router.
- The decrease in 2019 is mainly driven by the updated emissions factor of the IEA, which has also affected the location-based Scope 2 emissions.
- Employee commuting includes emissions from the transportation of employees between their homes and their worksites and remained more or less stable in 2019.
- Fuel and energy related activities includes emissions related to the production of fuels and energy purchased and consumed by Sunrise that are not included in Scope 1 or Scope 2.
- Upstream transportation and distribution emissions remained stable and contain products purchased between a company’s tier 1 suppliers and its own operations.
- Business flights have increased in 2019 by 102t CO2e, due to extraordinary business activities.
- End of life emissions include emissions from waste disposal and treatment of products sold by Sunrise at the end of their life. This category includes the total expected end-of-life emissions from all products sold. Capital Goods includes all upstream (i.e., cradle-to-gate) emissions from the production of capital goods purchased or acquired by Sunrise.
- The waste category contains emissions from third-par ty disposal of waste generated by Sunrise operations and in general, they have a low impact on the carbon footprint compared to other Scope 3 emissions.